- run [run]vi.ran or Dial. run, run, running [altered (with vowel prob. infl. by pp.) < ME rinnen, rennen < ON & OE: ON rinna, to flow, run, renna, to cause to run (< Gmc * rannjan); OE rinnan, iornan: both < Gmc * renwo < IE base * er-, to set in motion, excite > RAISE, L origo,ORIGIN]1. to go by moving the legs rapidly, faster than in walking, and (in a two-legged animal) in such a way that for an instant both feet are off the ground2.a) to go rapidly; move swiftlyb) to resort (to) for aid [always running to the police]3. to associate or consort (with)4. to go, move, grow, etc. easily and freely, without hindrance or restraint5. to go away rapidly; flee6. to make a quick trip (up to, down to, over to, etc. a specified place) for a brief stay7.a) to take part in a contest or race☆ b) to be a candidate in an election8. to finish a contest or race in the specified position [to run last]9. to swim in migration, as upstream or inshore for spawning, etc.: said of fish10. to go, as on a schedule; ply between two points [a bus that runs between Chicago and Detroit]11. to go or pass lightly and rapidly [his eyes ran over the page]12. to be current; circulate [a rumor running through the town]13. to climb or creep: said of plants [a vine running over the wall]14. to move continuously or incessantly: often used figuratively [his tongue ran on and on]15. to ravel lengthwise in a knitted fabric16. to function or operate with or as with parts that revolve, slide, etc. [a machine that is running]17. to recur or return to the mind18. to flow [a running stream]19. to melt and flow [the wax ran]20.a) to spread when put on a surface, as a liquidb) to spread over or be diffused through cloth, etc. when moistened, as colorsc) to be subject to such spreading of color, as fabric21. to be wet or covered with a flow [eyes running with tears]22. to give passage to a fluid; specif.,a) to discharge pus, mucus, etc.b) to leak, as a faucet23. to elapse [the days ran into weeks]24.a) to appear in print, as in a newspaperb) to appear or be presented continuously or in a continuing series [a play that ran for a year]25.a) to continue in effect or force [a law running for twenty years]b) to continue to occur; recur [talent runs in the family]26. to be characterized by having, producing, using, etc.: with to [their taste runs to exotic foods]27.a) to extend in or as in a continuous line [a fence running through the woods]b) to include so as to show variety: with from and to [a repertoire running from tragedy to comedy]28. to pass into a specified condition, situation, etc. [to run into trouble]29. to sail or float (aground, etc.): said of a ship30. to be written, expressed, played, etc. in a specified way [the adage runs like this]31. to be or continue at a specified size, price, amount, etc. [apples running four to the pound]32. Naut. to sail with the wind coming from asternvt.1. to run along or follow (a specified course or route)2. to travel over; cover by running, driving, etc. [horses ran the range]3. to do or perform by or as by running [to run a race]4. to subject oneself to (a risk); incur5.☆ a) to get past or escape by going through [to run a blockade]b) to go past or through without making a required stop [to run a stop sign or a red light]6. to pursue or hunt (game, etc.)7. to compete with in or as in a race; vie with8.a) to enter (a horse, etc.) in a race☆ b) to put up or support as a candidate for election9.a) to make run, move, operate, etc.b) to cause to go between points, as on a schedulec) to cause (a motor or engine) to idle for a whiled) to make (a stocking) run10. to bring, lead, or force into a specified condition, situation, etc. by or as by running [to run oneself into debt]11.a) to carry or convey, as in a ship or vehicle; transportb) to carry (taxable or outlawed goods) in or out illegally; smuggle12. to drive, force, or thrust (an object) into, through, or against (something)13. to make go, move, pass, flow, etc., esp. rapidly, in a specified way, direction, place, etc. [to run water into a glass ]14.☆ a) to be in charge of; manage [to run a household ]☆ b) to keep, feed, or graze (livestock)c) to perform the steps of (an experiment, test, etc.)d) to cause to undergo a test, procedure, process, etc.15. to cost (an amount) [boots that run $20]16. to mark, draw, or trace (lines, as on a map)17. to extend, pass, or trace in a specified way or direction [to run a story back to its source]18. to undergo or be affected by (a fever, etc.)19. to flow with, discharge, or pour forth [gutters running blood]20. to melt, fuse, or smelt (ore)21. to cast or mold, as from molten metal; found☆ 22. to print; esp., to publish (an advertisement, story, etc.) in a newspaper or magazine23. Billiards to complete successfully (a specified number of strokes, shots, etc.) in uninterrupted sequence24. Bridge to lead consecutively the remaining cards of (an established suit)25. Comput. to cause (a program, software, etc.) to operate or start operating26. Golf to cause (a ball) to roll, esp. on a greenn.1. an act or period of running or moving rapidly2.a) a race for runnersb) a running pace; rapid gaitc) capacity for running3. the distance covered or time spent in running4. a trip; journey; esp.,a) a single, customary, or regular trip, as of a train, ship, or planeb) a quick trip, esp. for a brief stayc) ROUTE (sense 2)5.a) movement onward, progression, or trend [the run of events]b) a continuous course or period of a specified condition, action, etc. [a run of good luck]6. direction or course, as of the grain of wood, a vein of ore, etc.7. a continuous course of performances, showings, etc. [a play that had a run of a year]8. a series of continued, sudden, or urgent requests or demands, as by customers for certain goods, or by bank depositors for their funds9. a period of being in public demand or favor10. a continuous series or sequence, as three or more cards in unbroken order in one suit11. a continuous extent of something12. a flow or rush of water, etc., as of the tide13. a small, swift stream, as a brook or rivulet14.a) a period during which some fluid flows readilyb) the amount of flowc) [pl.] Slang diarrhea: with the15.a) a period of operation of a machineb) the output during this period16.a) a kind, sort, or class, as of goodsb) the ordinary, usual, or average kind or type17. something in, on, or along which something else runs; specif.,a) an inclined pathway or course [a ski run]b) a track, channel, trough, pipe, etc.c) an enclosed area in which domestic animals or fowl can move about freely or feed [a chicken run]d) in Australia, a large grazing area or ranche) a well-defined trail or path made and used by animals [a buffalo run]18. freedom to use all the facilities or move freely in any part (of a place) [to have the run of an estate]19.a) a number of animals in motion togetherb) a large number of fish migrating together, as upstream or inshore for spawningc) such migration of fish☆ 20. a ravel lengthwise in something knitted, as in hosiery☆ 21. Baseball a point scored whenever a base runner successfully touches all four bases in the proper order without being out22. Billiards an uninterrupted sequence of successful strokes, shots, etc.23. Cricket a scoring point, made by a successful running of both batsmen from one wicket to the other24. Mil. the approach to the target made by an airplane in bombing, strafing, etc.25. Comput. one execution of a program26. Music a rapid succession of tones, as a roulade27. Naut. the after part of a ship's bottom, from where it starts to curve up and in toward the sternadj.1. melted; made liquid2. poured or molded while in a melted state [run metal]3. drained or extracted, as honey4. having migrated and spawned: said of fish——————a run for one's money1. powerful competition2. some satisfaction for what one has expended, as in betting on a near winner in a race——————in the long runin the final outcome; ultimately in the short run——————in the short runin the beginning; at first; initially——————on the run1. running2. hurrying from place to place or task to task3. running away; in retreat——————☆ run acrossto encounter by chance——————run after1. to pursue or follow2. Informal to seek the company or companionship of——————run alongto leave or depart——————run aroundInformal to be sexually unfaithful; cheat——————run away1. to flee2. to desert one's home or family3. to escape and run loose, as a horse——————run away with1. to depart and take with one; esp., to steal2. to carry out of control [his enthusiasm ran away with him]3.a) to outdo greatly all other contestants or performers inb) to get (a prize, honors, etc.) in this way——————run backto carry (a football) toward the opponent's goal, as after receiving a kickoff——————run down1. to cease to run, or stop operating, as a mechanical device, through lack of power2. to run, ride, or drive against so as to knock down3. to pursue and capture or kill4. to search out the source of5. to speak of slightingly or injuriously; disparage6. to lessen or lower in worth, quality, etc.; make or become run-down7. to read through rapidly☆ 8. Baseball to catch and tag (a base runner trapped between two bases)——————run for itto run in order to escape or avoid something——————run in1. to include or insert, as something additional2. Informal to make a brief stop or visit at a place☆ 3. Slang to take into legal custody; arrest4. Printing to make continuous without a break or paragraph——————run into1. to encounter by chance2. to run, ride, or drive against so as to hit; collide with3. to add up to (a large sum of money): also run to——————run off☆ 1. to print, typewrite, make copies of, etc.2. to cause to be run, performed, played, etc.3. to decide the winner of (a race, etc.) by a runoff4. to drive (animals, trespassers, etc.) off or away5. to flow off; drain6. RUN AWAY——————run on1.a) to continue or be continuedb) Printing to continue without a break or new paragraph2. to add (something) at the end3. to talk continuously——————run out1. to come to an end; expire or become used up, exhausted, etc.2. to force to leave; drive out——————run out ofto use up a supply of (something)——————run out onInformal to abandon or desert——————☆ run out the clockBasketball Football to maintain control of the ball in the closing minutes of a game——————run over1. to ride or drive over as with an automobile2. to overflow3. to go beyond a limit4. to examine, rehearse, etc. rapidly or casually——————run scaredSlang to base one's actions upon the possibility or likelihood of failure——————run through1. to use up, spend, etc. quickly or recklessly2. to pierce3. RUN OVER (sense 4)——————run up1. to raise, rise, make, or build rapidly2. to let (bills, debts, etc.) accumulate3. to sew with a rapid succession of stitches
English World dictionary. V. Neufeldt. 2014.